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淡水環境及水產品中酰胺類除草劑殘留現狀研究進展
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曾斯麗,碩士研究生,研究方向為水產品質量安全,E-mail:zengsili99@163.com

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黑龍江省自然科學基金項目(YQ2021C039);國家公益性行業(農業)科研專項(201503108);國家自然科學基金青年基金項目(32102855;32002445);國家重點研發計劃項目(2020YFD0900501)


Research progress on the status of amide herbicide residues in freshwater environment and aquatic products
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    摘要:

    酰胺類除草劑具有高效、高選擇性、廣譜性、成本低、施用方便等優點,被廣泛應用于現代農業生產。酰胺類除草劑在土壤中的降解速率較慢,容易在環境中發生遷移和富集,其在水產品中蓄積并通過食物鏈的傳遞可能對消費者健康造成負面影響。本研究介紹了酰胺類除草劑的理化性質、毒性效應、遷移轉化規律、檢測技術研究進展及其在淡水漁業環境中的殘留現狀。結果表明,目前關于酰胺類除草劑的殘留檢測與分析主要集中在水體、土壤等環境樣品和大豆、玉米等農作物,而針對淡水水產品中酰胺類除草劑的相關研究報道較少。本研究為水產品中酰胺類除草劑的檢測技術研發、淡水水產品酰胺類除草劑污染防控和稻漁綜合種養模式下酰胺類除草劑使用規范的制定提供理論依據。[中國漁業質量與標準,2023, 13(3):43-52]

    Abstract:

    Amide herbicides have been applied in a wide range of modern agricultural production due to the advantages of high efficiency, high selectivity, broad-spectrum, low-cost, easy operation, and so on. The amide herbicides have a slow degradation rate in soil, and is easy to migrate and accumulate in the environment, which may negatively affect the health of consumer through the bioconcentration of amide herbicides in aquatic products and the transmission along the food chain. This study focus on the physicochemical properties, toxic effects, migration and transformation rules, detection technology research progress and the residues status in freshwater environment of amide herbicides. The results show that the current residues detection and analysis of amide herbicides mainly focus on environmental samples such as water and soil as well as crops such as soybean and corn, but fewer research reports on amide herbicides in freshwater aquatic products. This review provides a theoretical basis for the following research fields of amide herbicides, including development of detection technologies, pollution prevention and standard operation in the integrated fishery farming mode. [Chinese Fishery Quality and Standards, 2023, 13(3): 43-52]

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曾斯麗,高磊,王鵬,等.淡水環境及水產品中酰胺類除草劑殘留現狀研究進展[J].中國漁業質量與標準,2023,13(3):43-52. ZENG Sili, GAO Lei, WANG Peng, et al. Research progress on the status of amide herbicide residues in freshwater environment and aquatic products[J]. Chinese Fishery Quality and Standards,2023,13(3):43-52.

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  • 收稿日期:2022-10-27
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  • 錄用日期:2022-12-30
  • 在線發布日期: 2023-08-02
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